The Best Education Systems in Developing Countries
Education is a human right and is pertinent to the achievement of sustainable development outcomes. A developing country is necessarily a country that has a less developed industrial base and a low human development index. Developing countries usually tend to have health risks, widespread poverty, and corruption at all government level and low education levels.
Around 59 million children in developing countries d not have access to primary education. Further, 250 million children cannot read, count and write even after four years of schooling.
Most of these children are mainly in Africa and Asia. These disadvantaged population groups include linguistic, religious and ethnic minorities, people living in conflict zones, people living with disability and indigenous people.
Among these developing countries, there are some with relatively better education systems than the rest. And in this education system essay we will look at a few examples:
South Korea has a robust education system that has progressively encouraged learners to be more creative. The education on offer is demanding and has higher pressure for learners who want to progress to advanced levels.
Preschool is generally offered from the age of three. Compulsory schooling is from the age of five or six. From there, the children proceed to middle school then high school. Different areas of the country have varying systems. The process of allocating slots which is either done by lottery in the densely populated areas or through selective testing.
The school year in the Korean System is organized into semesters .the semester dates usually vary according to the preferences of the specific school. The first semester runs from March to Mid-July with a vacation summer that follows. The second semester starts from end of August to the middle of February. Schools usually close for public holidays and typically have a midterm break when the first half of a semester is done.
The school fees for secondary education and preschool is under the state system. There is an additional cost of school materials, transport, and uniforms. South Korea has 45 international schools that major in teaching global languages. They also offer variants of the British and the United States standard curriculum. These schools are generally of higher standards and are very competitive. The admission process has rigorous testing and interviews. The fees could range from 15000 US dollars to 30,000 US dollars.
Primary education commences when the child reaches the age of six on the first day of January of a current school year. Children in Malaysia begin their training as early as age four at preschools. The government provides free education for six years of primary school and five years of secondary school.
At the end of the secondary school education., leaners sit for a standard public examination that is known as sijil Pelajaran Malaysia that is abbreviated as SPM. Students who pursue higher education are required to have obtained the necessary academic grades and must be able to fund their education. Learners with SPM qualifications may opt for a pre-university qualification such as GCE A LEVEL or matriculation program or the sixth form. They can as well study for a certificate or a diploma at a higher institution of education. Pre-university educations take a year for a matriculation programme or a year and a half to two years for STPM and A-level programmes.
Since the 90s, Malaysia has been the host for scores of international students from various countries who are pursuing undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate studies in various degree programs. Malaysia has been ranked as the 11th most popular destination for international learners. Malaysia has 6:5:2 formal education system
In Argentina, the education system is managed by the Ministry of Education. It is implemented at national, federal and provincial levels and also by private institutions. The first phase is basic education that is subdivided into three, three-year phases which are junior and senior primary school then middle school. From there, a learner proceeds to the secondary school. There are three types of secondary schools. There is Bachiller schools that focus on humanistic studies. Also there are Commercial Schools that focus on economic and business studies. Lastly, the Esculas Tecnicas that focuses on technical and scientific education.
There is equally an extensive network of the vocational institution which is a parallel alternative to the secondary school systems. This is for learners who prefer more practical approaches to learning. Higher education in Argentina has three phases. There is a three-year degree for teachers and technicians followed by four to six years for engineers, medical officers, and legal officers and then graduate qualifications. Tertiary education is free. However, there are hidden costs like accommodation, materials, and transportation. There are 85 public and private universities.
Summatively, there are developing countries with quite impressive education systems that aim to equip the learners with the requisite skills that are relevant for the labor market both locally and abroad.Tags: children, countries, education, learning, school, society